International Activities


International Activities


Enabling PV Nigeria

Nigeria is currently faced with an energy crisis. Diesel generators are the dominant source of electricity across all sectors. To ensure further economic development and to adopt a growing population into a strong labour force, Nigeria needs a reliable and stable electricity supply to build a strong industrial sector. Renewable energies, in particular solar PV, can substantially contribute to the improvement of energy supply in the country.

The study analyses and describes the process of investment and project development of PV systems in Nigeria. This includes the description of the legal and administrative framework and of import, trade and investment conditions, as well as the presentation of selected business cases. The study is a cooperation between the German Solar Association (BSW-Solar), the GOPA-International Energy Consultants GmbH (GOPA Intec), the Delegation of German Industry and Commerce in Nigeria (AHK Nigeria), and eclareon GmbH and was funded by the Federal Foreign Office.

Download the report here (PDF).

Enabling PV Afghanistan - challenges and opportunities

Afghanistan is undergoing a process of re-industrializing its economy and rebuilding its energy infrastructure. This is accompanied by an increasing energy demand that cannot be met by conventional energy sources alone. Thus, alternative energy sources have to be explored. Solar photovoltaic has already reached or is about to reach grid parity in most of the sun-belt countries. Solar PV also has a great economic potential in Afghanistan and first efforts to deploy it can be seen. Till 2021, 500 MW of renewable energy will be deployed and 1.5 GW of PV are foreseen by 2032. Nevertheless, according to the Afghanistan Renewable Energy Union (AREU), solar projects could cover 30% of the electricity demand by 2032 with 3,000 MW.

The study "Enabling PV Afghanistan", financed by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), describes the current regulatory framework, challenges and market potential and analyzes the suitable business models for the development of PV in Afghanistan.

Download the report here (PDF).

Enabling PV in Argentina - the next promising South American solar market

The German Solar Association (BSW-Solar) and the research company eclareon GmbH have now published the results of its analysis of Argentina's photovoltaic (PV) market. There are many indications that Argentina will develop into a new, financially strong South American solar market with a substantial energy demand. The new government keeps on improving the framework conditions for investors from abroad and domestic investments. After the artificial exchange rate was abolished in mid-December 2015, investor confidence should now be created in order to improve investment conditions in the country and access to international funds.

Additionally, the currently very high interest charges may in the short term decline to a level typical for the region. With a strongly increasing energy demand and thus growing energy imports, the state will not be able to sustain energy subsidies as they are today. This state support will therefore be abolished in the foreseeable future, both at state and provincial level. This means that a large market for energy efficiency, but also for wind and solar energy will evolve in the short term.

BSW-Solar's and eclareon’s new report "Enabling PV in Argentina" analyses the market framework conditions in the country and discusses possible business models. The possible business models described are power supply contracts and net metering in the provinces of San Juan, San Luis and Salta, while, exemplary, the profitability of 5 MW projects is calculated in the report.

"Enabling PV in Argentina" explains ways to raise capital and describes the obstacles for realising photovoltaic projects. Even though the PV business in Argentina is yet difficult, the country shows clear indications for a future growth. Investors, component manufacturers and project developers looking for new markets should definitely have an eye on Argentina. BSW-Solar is happy to provide its members with contact data of numerous interested local companies that were acquired at an event in Buenos Aires in mid-December 2015.

Download the report here.

Framework Assessment for the Photovoltaic Business Opportunities in Brazil

The project ENABLING PV aims at contributing to the sustainable deployment of solar PV in Brazil by exploring the new potential within the ANEEL Resolution 482/2012 (RN 482/2012), which for the first time established a compensation scheme (net metering) for distributed generation, as well as by analyzing the energy auctions for large size systems. The compensation scheme was introduced in 2012 and a specific solar PV auction at national level was announced in mid-2014, enabling new business models and the possibility to reduce consumer electricity bills by using electricity produced on-site. To this end, this first report „Framework Assessment for the Photovoltaic Business Opportunities in Brazil“ describes the legal and administrative framework of the above-mentioned policy options, creating a favorable business environment for installing solar PV systems in Brazil. This project also aims at strengthening cooperation and knowledge transfer between relevant stakeholders and international investors in Brazil and Germany.

Download the report here.

Please find further Information on the official Project Website:

Enabling PV in the MENA region – The Emerging PV Market in Jordan

The report describes the most important conditions for the use of grid-connected PV in Jordan. The 92 pages include the legal framework as well as detailed description of the different process steps for Net-Metering (including wheeling) and Power Purchase Agreements (PPA). It gives examples for relevant market segments and analyses consumptions patterns and sensitivities. It concludes with recommendations for investors, political decision makers and foreign companies. Attached are excerpts of the most relevant regulations for Net-Metering and Wheeling, not yet available in English.

Download the report here.

Enabling PV in the MENA region – The Emerging PV Market in Tunisia

Tunisia is a rapidly expanding photovoltaic market in the MENA region. The country’s economic conditions are relatively favourable, while its natural solar exposure conditions are ideal for photovoltaics, enabling installations to produce more than 1,700 kWh/kWp annually.
The study highlights regulatory and economic conditions for using PV in different market segments of the Tunisian market and provides basic data on the Tunisian market. Special attention is being paid to different options and consumer categories for “Net-Metering” and “Self-Generation” within the current support program. Sensitivity analysis provide insights into the economic viability of these different categories – providing investors with useful insights for a first evaluation of their projects. The study eventually gives recommendations for political decision makers to improve shortcomings of the current model.

The study is available in English and French.

Download the report in English here.

Download the report in French here.

Enabling PV Iran

Iran faces an increasing energy demand that cannot be met by conventional energy sources only. Thus, alternative energy sources have to be explored. Renewable Energy is an economic option when compared with the generation costs of conventional energy. Furthermore Iran has great solar energy potential that can be used.

The German Solar Association (BSW-Solar) in cooperation with the Iran-Wind Group, eclareon and Pflüger International analyzed the processes of investments and project development of PV power plants in Iran. This includes the identification of the legal and administrative framework and the description of the two most viable business models for solar PV in Iran. The results of the study were discussed in a workshop at the 21. December 2015 in Teheran. The presentations of the workshop and the study are available in the following links.



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